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What Medical Expenses Can I Deduct From My Taxes?


Medical expenses add up quickly, especially if the costs aren’t covered and reimbursed through your health insurance. If you or your dependents have racked up medical expenses, you might have the opportunity to claim them as a deduction on your next tax return.

To ensure you’re making the most of the medical expense deduction, AA Tax & Accounting Services is here to breakdown how it works.

Are medical costs tax-deductible?

Suppose you or a dependent have a high volume of medical expenses. In that case, you’ll be pleased to know that the Internal Revenue Service allows you to deduct unreimbursed medical expenses from your tax return.

However, there are stipulations to the types of medical expenses that can be counted towards your tax deductions.

When filing your tax return, you can deduct qualified medical expenses if they equal more than 7.5% of the previous year’s adjusted gross income.

For instance, if your adjusted gross income is $75,000, any amount exceeding the first $5,625 of medical expenses can be deducted. This means that if your medical expenses totaled $15,000, you would be eligible to deduct $9,375.

Medical expenses eligible for tax deductions

To prepare you for the upcoming tax season, we’ve put together a list of qualified medical expenses that can be deducted from your tax return:

  • Acupuncture or other forms of alternative treatments
  • Addiction treatment, which includes food and lodging at a rehabilitation center
  • Adaptive equipment including wheelchairs, shower seats, and other disability accommodations
  • Birth control pills
  • Blood-testing kits and strips for diabetes
  • Breast pumps and pumping equipment
  • Chiropractic services for medical purposes
  • Diet food and supplements when prescribed by a doctor to alleviate a specific medical condition
  • Eye exams and, if applicable, contact lenses and prescription glasses
  • False teeth
  • Hearing aids or other hearing equipment
  • Home improvements to increase accessibility due to a medical disability
  • Household help for nursing care services
  • Lodging when traveling out-of-town for a medical treatment
  • Organ transplants
  • Prosthetic limbs
  • Psychiatric care
  • Reproduction costs covering abortions, vasectomies, and fertility treatments
  • Service animals meals, training, and veterinarian expenses
  • Sex-reassignment surgery and hormone therapy to treat gender identity disorder (GID)
  • Special education
  • Programs supporting physical or mental conditions such as dyslexia or ADHD
  • Public transportation costs to and from medical visits
  • Wigs for those with a medical condition such as cancer or alopecia

You must track all your medical costs throughout the year, so come tax season, you can easily determine if you need the requirements to deduct your medical expenses from your tax return. Hold onto all copies of receipts and make a note of which expenses haven’t been reimbursed so you can reduce your tax bill with little headaches.

Additional rules to be aware of

If you’re planning to deduct medical expenses from your tax bill, here are two additional rules to be aware of:

1. You are only allowed to include medical expenses that were paid during the tax year.

2. If you were reimbursed for any medical expense through your insurance, that bill cannot be included in your tax deduction.

How to claim the medical tax deduction

Now that you’re aware of what types of medical expenses can be deducted from your tax bill, you must set yourself up for success come tax season.

You will be required to itemize your deductions, which is why it’s helpful to hold onto and organize all receipts you receive throughout the year.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

If you have a high amount of medical expenses, AA Tax & Accounting Services can help you better understand how to maximize your medical expense deduction to save you the most money on your upcoming tax bill.

No one should go into tax season with their questions unanswered. Our team of tax consultants has the experience navigating the most effective strategies for maximizing their deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies to save you money on your medical expenses. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Tax Info For Living In Utah But Working In Another State


Tax season can be stressful — and if you find yourself living in Utah and working in another state, you might be unsure how to navigate filing your tax returns this year. Depending on your status as a Utah resident, you may be required to pay tax on any income earned elsewhere.

No matter where you earn an income, you will need to file a tax return. When earning income in one state while living in another, you might find yourself filing a state tax return in your state of employment. While certain states like Alaska, Texas, Wyoming, Florida, New Hampshire, Washington, South Dakota, Nevada, and Tennessee don’t charge income tax, the state of Utah does.

To help you navigate this scenario, AA Tax & Accounting Services has put together a quick guide explaining when you will be required to pay taxes on income earned in another state.

Are you a Utah resident on non-resident?

If you live in Utah and work in another state, your state income tax requirements will be dependent on your Utah state residency.

When your permanent residence is in Utah, and you travel outside of the state for work, how long are you in the other state?

Do you have another residence in the other state?

If you leave your Utah residence for less than half a year, your income in another state is taxable in Utah. However, if you are a non-resident of Utah, which is classified as someone who has property in Utah but lives elsewhere for more than half the year, you aren’t required to pay Utah state income tax on any earnings from the other state since you aren’t legally a Utah resident.

What a non-resident needs to know

If you have earned income in Utah but are considered a non-resident of the state, you must file a Utah state tax return. In most cases, this income is earned while conducting business in the state, and you will need to file a Utah tax form called Form TC 40B.

Am I required to file taxes in both states?

In most situations, you will be required to file state income tax. There are a few scenarios where you might not be required to file taxes in both states.

The first reason is if the state doesn’t charge state income tax, such as Alaska, Texas, Wyoming, Florida, and a few others.

Another situation in which you might not be required to file taxes in both states is when a state has an agreement with bordering states. This agreement, known as a reciprocal tax agreement, allows individuals to live in one state and work in the other without filing two state tax returns.

Because Utah does not have reciprocity, you will likely need to file two separate state tax returns: a permanent resident and another non-resident.

How to claim credits for out of state tax

When filing your tax return as a Utah resident and claiming income that you earned out-of-state, you have the option to claim a credit for any income taxes paid to another state. This rule prevents you from facing double taxation on income earned out-of-state.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

If you’re dealing with a unique situation, such as living in Utah and working in another state, we recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services when filing your tax return.

From one-time tax consulting services to ongoing consulting services, our tax consultants work with many clients as their tax advisor and tax preparer — ensuring that your tax team understands your taxes backward and forwards. You can have peace of mind knowing that our team has the experience to provide you with the most effective strategies for maximizing deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help navigate tax season smoothly when living and working in separate states. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Are Bonuses Taxable?


Receiving a bonus at work is always an exciting surprise. But before you spend it all to fund a vacation or pay off some bills, you might be wondering if your bonus is taxable.

The short answer: yes, your bonus is taxable.

Unlike the regular paycheck you receive from your employer, any bonus payments are considered supplemental wages, which means your bonus will be taxed — and they will be taxed more than the standard income rate. These same tax rules apply to more than bonuses, including moving costs, tips, overtime, and severance.

When you receive a bonus, your employer will also withhold a designated amount sent to the Internal Revenue Service. AA Tax & Accounting Services has put together a quick guide to help you calculate how much of your bonus will be taxed.

How to Calculate the Taxes on Your Bonus

How much of your bonus will you be able to put the deposit into the bank? To determine how much of your bonus will be taxed, consider the following factors:

  • Social security tax – As of 2020, you are required to pay socials security tax on any compensation received up to $137,000. Your employer will take out 6.20% from your bonus check for social security until you hit this benchmark.
  • Medicare tax – Any compensation you receive much have medicare tax factored in. This means your employer will deduct 1.45% of the total bonus for Medicare tax.
  • Federal income tax – The standard federal tax rate is 25% — however, under tax reform, this number has been adjusted to 22% for bonus withholdings. If your employer withholds more than 22% for federal income tax, you will receive that overpayment back in the form of a tax refund when you file your annual taxes.
  • State income tax – The majority of states require residents to pay state income tax, which applies to bonuses. Depending on the state you work in, your employer will withhold the designated amount required by state law.
  • 401k contributions – If you contribute to a 401k with your standard paycheck, you will likely have a portion withheld from your bonus as well. This percentage will vary depending on the number you have set with your employer
  • .

All of these must be considered when determining how much of your bonus check will be withheld. To help illustrate these withholdings, we’ve put together an example calculation to demonstrate how you could calculate these numbers based on a $15,000 bonus check:

  • $15,000 x 25% = $3,750 in Federal tax
  • $15,000 x 5.25% = $787.50 in State tax (if applicable)
  • $15,000 x 1.45% = $217.50 in Medicare tax
  • $15,000 x 6.2% = $930 in Social Security tax

Using this example, you would deduct a total of $5,685 from the $15,000 bonus — which is a tax rate of 37.9%!

Tax Consulting Services in Cedar City, Utah

Suppose you have received a bonus or will be receiving one and have questions regarding supplemental income tax withholding. In that case, we recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services. Our team can help you better understand how your bonuses will be taxed and prepare you for the upcoming tax season, where it might be possible to recoup some of it through a tax refund. We have the experience to guide business owners on the best strategies for maximizing their deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you navigate the tax process when receiving supplemental income from your employer. Contact us to schedule an appointment for tax consulting services.

Important Tax Info For Multi-Family Properties

Important Tax Info For Multi Family Properties

As a residential property investor, it’s important to take advantage of tax benefits when possible to ensure you’re boosting your bottom line. Paying taxes is a must and can be quite costly, which is why there are many tricks to minimize the obligations surrounding multi-family home taxes.

Let’s explore the different ways that real estate investors can make reductions to the amount of property taxes owed on their multi-family homes.

Real Estate Depreciation Tax

Real estate depreciation is based on the principle that a rental property’s value declines over time due to wear and tear on the home. Think about it like a car’s value. As soon as the car comes off the lot, the quality and value begin to diminish. However, the home’s value is not usually decreasing because of factors like maintenance, renovations, neighborhood popularity, and market demand — which is why real estate depreciation is often referred to as a “phantom” expense for investors.

Because of real estate depreciation, the IRS allows investors to take a tax deduction based on the estimated decrease in the value of the multi-family property. This means that the investors can actually have a positive cash flow from the multi-family property, but shows a tax loss on paper — offering investors a major tax break.

How to Calculate Real Estate Depreciation

The IRS believes that a residential property is only useful for 27.5 years. This means that investors are able to deduct a depreciation expense from their taxes. Calculating your multi-family property’s depreciation amount is relatively simple and requires you to divide the property’s value by 27.5.

As an example, let’s look at a multi-family property worth $750,000. When dividing it’s value by 27.5, you will calculate a depreciation expense of $27,272.

Factoring that depreciation expense into your taxable income illustrates just how much an investor will save. Consider that your multi-family property generates $100,000 per year. This means you would have the following tax obligations:

Taxes owed without depreciation = $100,000 x 25% (federal income tax) = $25,000
Taxes owed with depreciation = ($100,000 – $27,272) x 25% = $18,182

With no other deductions other than a real estate depreciation tax, investors in this scenario would save $6,818 annually — which is massive tax savings of property taxes for multi-family homes!

Cost-Segregation

Similar to real estate depreciation, there is another tax benefit known as cost-segregation which also factors in the depreciation of elements within the multi-family property. This includes elements such as appliances, fixtures, and cabinets.

Unlike the home itself, these items within the home have a much shorter lifespan which can be written off taxes for no more than seven years.

One important thing to note when considering cost-segregation is that the more you use this on your annual taxes, the higher your tax bill will be upon selling the property. If you plan to sell the property and want to reduce taxes during the sale, be mindful of this tax benefit for multi-family homes in Utah.

Tax Deductions

As a residential real estate investor, you must take advantage of various tax deductions. In layman’s terms, a tax deduction is any type of expense that can be written off of your taxable income. With your multi-family home taxes, you have the ability to deduct any expenses incurred while managing, maintaining, or repairing your property from the total taxable rental income.

Consider writing off the following expenses you might incur with your multi-family property:

  • Property management costs
  • Maintenance or repair fees
  • Monthly utilities (water, gas, electric, etc.)
  • Property marketing costs
  • Mortgage interest
  • And more!

Investors of multi-family properties can really benefit from tax deductions (as well as depreciation and cost-segregation) in comparison to single-family investments. When filing property taxes for multi-family homes, you can pay a single tax bill that covers all the units within the property — making it more efficient to file and likely offers a higher rate than that of a single-family home.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team is committed to maximizing our clients’ tax savings. Our full-service accounting firm has spent years serving Cedar City, Utah, and surrounding Southern Utah towns providing effective tax strategies for multi-family investors. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

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