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Planning Your Monthly Budget With Inflation

Do you have a monthly budget for your family that you stick to each month?

If you’ve been doing it for quite some time, you may have noticed the increase in the price of food, gas, cars, and other necessities you need — this increase in cost is known as inflation.

What exactly is inflation and how does inflation affect my monthly budget?

Inflation is when the cost of goods or services goes up. While inflation can affect any purchases you make, it is most noticeable on items you purchase regularly. Ultimately, inflation means that the dollar doesn’t go as far as it once did, costing you more for the same amount in the long run.

Although minor inflation may not seem like a drastic change, inflation can make it challenging to meet your financial obligations, such as your monthly budget.

Follow along as AA Tax & Accounting Services walks you through a few steps you can take to deal with inflation in your monthly budget without relying on your credit cards and accumulating unnecessary debt.

Stick to a monthly budget

One of the most effective ways to beat inflation is to create a monthly budget and stick to it. By monitoring where your money is going and what it is being spent on, you’ll be sure to only spend the money you have in the bank (preventing a buildup of debt on your credit cards).

However, one of the biggest problems with monthly budgets is that people underestimate how much they will need for specific goals, causing them to go over budget each month.

Set realistic goals for groceries, dining out, gas, and other necessities to ensure your purchases align with your family’s needs. At the beginning of the month, allocate your money to each goal and stick to these spending limits to help beat inflation costs.

Because inflation is continually on the rise, use your budget to determine where you can curb your spending habits. If you decide you need to increase your grocery budget, you’ll need to pull that extra from another category or change your shopping habits.

Find ways to cut spending

Setting and sticking to a budget is one of the most effective ways to beat inflation — but you may also be looking for ways to increase the money being dispersed throughout the budget. If there isn’t a way to increase your monthly income streams, it may be time to get creative and determine where you can cut back or change your habits.

Easy changes include opting for store brands over name brands or utilizing coupons or discounts to determine your weekly groceries. By allowing your money to stretch a bit farther each month, you’ll be able to allocate those funds elsewhere in your budget.

Evaluate your monthly expenses

Another way to save some additional money in your budget each month is to evaluate all of your expenses.

Are you paying for anything that isn’t completely necessary?

Do you have monthly subscriptions to Netflix, Hulu, HBO, Spotify, or other subscription services?

Do you grab a specialty coffee on the way to work every day?

Are you letting groceries go to waste and eating out multiple times a week?

Spotting areas in your budget to cut back and eliminating those expenses will allow your money to go a lot further.

Don’t forget about savings

If you’re struggling to stay within your monthly budget due to inflation, you may find yourself cutting into your savings or skipping adding money each month. By utilizing tactics to lower your monthly expenses, you will still save money without accumulating debt.

Along with saving money, it’s important to continue saving towards your retirement goals. With the inflation you see today, you’ll also need to consider how inflation will affect your retirement goals. Make sure you’re considering your retirement portfolio as the rate of inflation increases over time.

If the thought of inflation is stressing you out, the AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies to maximize your nest egg for retirement. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

What to look for in a retirement planning app

Retirement may seem far away, but in reality, it’s right around the corner — and it’s never too early to start planning!

Although the thought of retirement may seem daunting, it’s important for you to take the necessary steps now, so you’re set up for success later in life. To do that, you need to have a good understanding of your financial investments and have the tools to track and predict their growth over time. Luckily, countless retirement planning apps make it a bit easier to manage.

With so many retirement planning apps at your disposal, how are you supposed to know which is the best to use?

To ensure you feel confident in your retirement planning choices, AA Tax & Accounting Services has done the heavy lifting to put together a list of what to look for in a retirement planning app, along with a few app recommendations from our team.

What is a retirement tracking app?

In preparation for retirement, you’ve likely opened up a few investment and savings accounts. Whether you have a single retirement savings account or multiple 401(k), or Roth IRA accounts, a retirement tracking app allows you to organize, manage, and analyze your investment in a single place.

This saves you from having to memorize multiple logins for different websites, and checking on each of your accounts individually. Instead, you can get a high-level (and in-depth) look at all your retirement investments at the click of a button.

Most retirement planning apps will even predict your estimated balance at the time of retirement based on your current account balances and asset allocation.

What to look for in retirement tracking apps

Although retirement tracking apps can be convenient for those tracking multiple accounts, not all apps are created equally, and you need to do your research to find one that meets your particular needs.

Consider the following qualities when choosing your retirement tracking app:

Mobile functionality – To effectively track and analyze your investments, you need to be able to access all of the retirement app’s tools no matter where you are. With this in mind, it’s important to find an app that offers full mobile functionality that doesn’t cut back on some of the tools or features available via the web or desktop platform.

For instance, if you need to buy or trade stocks from your phone, make sure the retirement planning app you pick allows you to do that.

Additional financial goals – Do you have savings goals other than retirement? If so, if you’re saving for big-ticket items like a down payment, higher education, or a vehicle, you may want to invest in a retirement tracking app that also allows you to track other goals as well. This will allow you complete visibility into your savings and investment balances without having to track them separately in another app.

Two-factor authentication – You’ve worked hard to earn money in your retirement accounts. The last thing you want is for the money to become compromised in a hack or phishing scheme. To protect yourself and your assets, look for a retirement tracking app that features two-factor authentication to ensure that only you will be able to access the data.

No hidden fees – No one likes hidden fees, especially when you are mindful of how you’re spending your money to maximize your retirement savings! While not all retirement tracking apps will be free, you should avoid those with hidden fees. Look for apps that are upfront with what you will be charged for, and look for an app that is all-in. You don’t want to set everything up and find out that the features that you need most require additional purchases.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies to maximize your nest egg for retirement. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Buying a Business in 2021? 5 Things New Business Owners Need to Know

You don’t always need a new idea to make a vision come to life. If you’ve decided to buy an existing business in 2021, you get to skip over the startup steps and jump right into owning a fully functioning company.

While purchasing a company lets you skip ahead and bypass much of the heavy lifting, there are still many important factors and decisions that go into the actual purchasing of an existing business.

AA Tax & Accounting Services has compiled a list of 5 things that new business owners need to know when buying a business. Following these tips will help streamline the process and minimize pain points along the way.

1. Determine why the business is on the market

Purchasing a business is one of the largest investments you can make. You don’t want to put your hard-earned money into a company that has significant operational issues or is doomed to go under in the next few months.

That’s why you need to find out why the business was put up for sale. It could be something as simple as the current owner wanting to retire. But if it’s something about the health of the business, you want to be aware of potential issues before getting into the business. Red flags can range from debt and inventory issues to outdated equipment and a bad reputation in the community.

To fully grasp the health of the business and uncover if there are any shady reasons why the business was put on the market, you need to engage with the current business owner. Ask them questions about how the business is performing, how the team operates, what challenges they’ve faced up to this point, and where they see the future of the business going.

Getting a comprehensive look at the business from the current owner’s perspective will allow you to grasp why they’re selling, what has worked for the business historically, what improvements need to be made, and what you can expect moving forward. Your conversation may uncover obstacles that are a dealbreaker for you that you wouldn’t have otherwise known about.

Keep in mind that the current owner may show some bias towards their business. To truly get a well-rounded idea of the health of the business, you should engage with employees, competitors, customers, and the local community to make sure that the business is well-respected and one that you want to have a stake in.

2. Research the industry and market history

Purchasing a company is a considerable investment. You don’t want to put all your eggs in one basket, only to have the bottom of the basket fall out from underneath. To ensure you’re making the right type of investment for yourself financially, you need to analyze the industry and the market history.

If the market has been stagnant for the past few years, it might not be the right opportunity for you. However, if you see that the market is growing rapidly, it might be the right time to buy. Understanding the industry and marketing will help you determine the future profit potential of the business.

3. Understand how much time will be required

When you purchase a business, you aren’t only investing your money. You are investing yourself and your time as well. You need to determine if the investment is worth the time and effort that you’ll need to put into it as you get it off the ground. Is there somewhere else you can reap more rewards by spending your time differently?

If you are buying a business similar to another you own, you’ll be able to pick it right up. However, if you are buying a company outside of your comfort zone in an industry you haven’t dabbled in before, it’s going to take more time to learn the nuances of the business and the market. Depending on your goals as an entrepreneur, you need to know how much time will be required of you so you can determine if that is the time best spent.

4. Gather company information

When purchasing a company, you’re going to go through a lot of paperwork. You need to read through all of the gathered materials so you have a complete understanding of the history of the business and go into the sale with open eyes. Make sure you receive and read through the following materials:

Business licenses and permits – Do your research to understand what licenses and permits are required to operate this type of business. Does the company currently have all the necessary licenses required of it? If not, this is a major red flag.

Organizational paperwork – At the company’s inception, it would have been registered with the state in which it resides. Review this organizational paperwork to evaluate if the business has a certificate of good standing with the state.

Business financials – You’re likely investing in the business because you see it as an excellent financial investment moving forward. Review all the financial records, including tax returns, balance sheets, accounts payable, and debt disclosures, so you know exactly what you’re walking into.

As the new person in the business, there is no way for you to know everything, but you can do your due diligence to better understand everything going on behind the scenes.

How to secure the necessary funding

Once you’ve decided that the business is an investment you’d like to make, you need to know how to secure the necessary funding to purchase the business.

Depending on your current financial state, there are a few different options that may appeal to you:

  • Seller financing – Depending on the nature of the sale, the seller might provide you with the option to make monthly payments directly to them over a specified period.
  • Business loan – The most common way to purchase a business is with a business loan. To do this, you will go through an approval process and need to qualify.
  • Venture capital – If you don’t have the capital to purchase the business, you may rely on an investor to purchase the financial backer. Although they would own the business, you would be the one managing day-to-day operations.

Weighing the pros and cons of each financing option will allow you to make the best choice for you.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team is committed to helping you feel confident with all your financial decisions. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

What You Need to Know About the Inheritance Tax

Although estate planning isn’t necessarily a fun task, it’s something that needs to be done to ensure you protect your assets and prepare your families. Whether you’re drafting your estate plan for the first time or making changes to an existing estate plan, you’re probably questioning whether an inheritance tax will impact your heirs.

Utah does not have an inheritance tax. However, Utah does require heirs to pay a federal estate tax for larger estates.

To ensure Utah residents feel confident about the estate planning process, AA Tax & Accounting Services’ team of tax consultants has put together a quick guide on inheritance tax. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know to protect your assets and prep your estate for your heirs.

What is inheritance tax?

When a person passes away, their possessions are given to the established heirs in their estate planning documents. An inheritance is anything that a person receives as a result of someone passing away. This can include anything ranging from money and stocks to real estate and jewelry.

When the property is transferred to the new owner after a loved one’s death, the heirs of the estate pay an inheritance tax on the property. Inheritance taxes are determined on a state-by-state basis, and not all states require heirs to pay an inheritance tax.

How does an inheritance tax work?

If a state requires the beneficiaries to pay an estate tax, the individual will be required to pay a tax on some or all of the inheritance. Each state can determine if they will charge an inheritance tax, and if so, what the level of taxation will be.

Instead of having a singular tax rate, some states will specify different levels of taxation depending on the individual’s relationship to the deceased. While spouses may be exempt from inheritance tax, other family members such as siblings may be required to pay it.

Typically, the closer the beneficiary is to the deceased, the less likely they will pay an inheritance tax on the inherited property.

Are inheritance tax and estate tax the same?

A common misconception is that inheritance tax and estate tax are the same — but they’re not!

The estate tax is a federal tax held against the estate itself, not the beneficiary of the estate. This means that the inheritance will be distributed once the estate tax has been paid.

Not all estates are subject to estate tax, only large estates that have reached a specific threshold.

Does Utah have an inheritance tax?

Until you inherit property from a deceased loved one, you may not think twice about inheritance taxes, which is why it can cause many Utah residents stress. When named the beneficiary, they often turn to the experts to ask if they must pay taxes on inheritances in Utah. Have peace of mind knowing that Utah does not require its residents to pay inheritance tax. This means that after you pay any other necessary taxes, the inherited asset is all yours.

There are currently only a few states that require an inheritance tax. These states include Kentucky, Maryland, Nebraska, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

Whether you’re getting your estate squared away or you’ve inherited property from a deceased loved one, you may have questions about tax inheritance laws in Utah. If you still have questions after reading through our quick guide, AA Tax & Accounting Services can help you navigate the estate planning process and walk you through everything you need to know.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team is committed to helping you feel confident with inheritance tax laws. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Planning to Freelance in 2021? How Much Will You Pay in Taxes?


Whether you want to make some extra money on the side or like the idea of being your own boss, freelancing can be a great option.

Once you get started freelancing, the excitement you feel when that first paycheck hits your bank account is contagious! Unlike a standard paycheck from an employer that calculates out the taxes you owe, though, your freelance check does not. This can make filing your taxes a bit more complicated.

As a freelancer, the Internal Revenue Service views you as a self-employed individual. This means that you are responsible for covering both your income tax, as well as self-employment tax. Without proper preparation throughout the year, you may find yourself with a hefty tax bill and no funds to cover it — which is why it’s imperative you set aside enough money throughout the year to cover your payments.

If you’re new to freelancing, this can seem very overwhelming. How much should you be setting aside to cover your taxes?

Do you pay it all when filing your taxes, or should you pay it throughout the year?

AA Tax & Accounting Services, LLC has compiled a guide for freelancing taxes to make the process less daunting.

How to calculate tax payments for freelancers

As a freelancer, you are required to pay income tax and self-employment tax. Self-employment tax refers to the taxes that a typical employer would withhold from your paycheck on your behalf, covering Medicare and Social Security taxes. In this scenario, your employer would pay half, and the other would be withheld from your paycheck — but that isn’t the case when you’re self-employed.

Since freelancers are considered the employee and the employer, you are responsible for covering all tax payments based on your income. Self-employment tax is 15.3% of the first $142,800 of income you receive, plus 2.9% of anything you earn over this threshold.

If you don’t have a budget for the taxes you’ll owe when filing your tax return, you may find yourself with a high tax bill. Instead, you should set aside 25% to 30% of your income to cover these costs. The easiest way to do this is to estimate how much you should deduct from your income each month and make estimated quarterly tax payments.

To get an estimate on how much you will owe to the IRS, you can use IRS Form 1040-ES to calculate your estimated tax payments.

Factor business expenses into taxable income

Although you will likely owe 25% to 30% of your income to the Internal Revenue Service for taxes, you may be able to deduct costs associated with running your freelance business. Using a Schedule C form, you will be able to subtract qualifying business expenses from your freelance income, calculating your taxable income for the year.

To ensure you get the most out of your business expense deductions, keep records of the following expenses:

  • Office supplies
  • Travel expenses
  • Mileage driven for business purposes
  • Maintaining a home office

Once you’ve calculated your taxable income from freelancing, you can determine how much you should be set aside for quarterly tax payments, so you don’t have a significant tax bill.

Do I need to make estimated tax payments?

When freelancing, the IRS expects you to pay your taxes at regular intervals throughout the year. Although you won’t know the exact amount you will owe, you can use the form mentioned above to calculate your estimated quarterly payments. If you expect to owe more than $1,000 in taxes come tax season, you are required to submit estimated payments quarterly by the following deadlines:

  • April 15 of the current year
  • June 15 of the current year
  • September 15 of the current year
  • January 15 of the following year

Not paying estimated quarterly taxes may result in tax penalties, causing you to owe the IRS more than you accounted for. Budgeting for income tax and self-employment tax will provide you with peace of mind knowing that you’re prepared for tax season and won’t be hit with an expensive tax bill — you may even get a refund!

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

If you’re self-employed, we recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services to better understand what you will owe come tax season and how much you should be paying to the IRS quarterly.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right self-employment tax strategies for peace of mind. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

What Parents Need to Know About Advanced Child Tax Credits in 2021


If you have a child and earn less than $75,000 annually, or $150,000 for a married couple filing jointly, you may be interested in the recent expansion of the child tax credit signed into law by President Joe Biden in March.

When a family has a child between the ages of six and 17, they’ll be eligible to receive $3,000 annually. If their child is under the age of six, they can receive up to $3,600 annually if they meet the income parameters.

But will anyone that falls within the income restrictions receive the advanced Child Tax Credit?

Can households earning above the threshold receive the tax credit?

Does the tax credit need to be paid back?

AA Tax & Accounting Services, LLC has the answers to all your questions and more.

What is the advanced child tax credit?

Taxpayers with children under 18 are eligible to receive a tax credit if they earn less than $75,000 annually or $150,000 for a married couple filing jointly. Households that earn above this threshold are still eligible to receive a portion of the tax credit, ceasing for individual taxpayers earning $95,000 and married couples earning $170,000 filing jointly.

If receiving the advanced Child Tax Credit, you don’t have to wait until you fire your 2021 taxes to receive it. The advance payment will be distributed to qualifying households every month starting in July through December 2021 on the 15th of each month. The remainder of the tax credit will be claimed by the taxpayer when they file their 2021 taxes in 2022.

Eligible taxpayers will receive the credit for any qualifying children — there is no cap on the number of children in a family that can receive the credit.

How to qualify for the child tax credit

As a parent, you may be wondering how to qualify for advanced Child Tax Credit payments. To receive the tax credit, you and your spouse, if filing jointly, must:

  • File a 2019 or 2020 tax return and claim the Child Tax Credit on the tax return
  • Fall within the income limits of $75,000 for individual filers and $150,000 for joint filers
  • Have a primary residence in the United States where you reside for more than half the year
  • Have a qualifying child with a social security number under the age of 18 years old at the end of 2021

If you and your spouse meet these requirements, you can qualify to receive the advanced Child Tax Credit.

Should I opt-in to receive the child tax credit?

Unlike stimulus payments, taxpayers will be required to pay back the Child Tax Credit if their circumstances change that knock them out of the qualifying. For instance, if your child will be aging out of the age bracket or you or your spouse will have a substantial change in income, you may opt out of the advance payments.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

If you have children, you may be wondering if the advanced Child Tax Credit is something you should opt into.

We recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services to better understand all the tax deductions available to you. We have the experience to guide individuals on the best strategies for maximizing their deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies as a parent of a child under the age of 18 years old. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

What Utah Businesses Should Know About Employee Retention Tax Credits


The past year has caused a significant strain on the local economy, especially impacting local businesses. As a result of the pandemic, businesses have been eligible for many tax breaks to help them stay afloat during these trying times.

If your Utah business was hit hard over the last year, you might want to consider taking advantage of the employee retention tax credit. Established in March 2020 in the CARES Act, the employee retention tax credit has been expanded upon since the December relief package, and the American Rescue Plan Act signed in March 2021.

Why should your business take advantage of the employee retention tax credit? AA Tax & Accounting Services, LLC is ready to walk you through how your Utah-based business can gain substantial benefits by claiming this tax credit.

How the Employee Retention Tax Credit Works

When the employee retention credit was initially created as part of the CARES Act, it provided eligible businesses with refundable credits of 50% of up to $10,000 in qualified wages paid per employee in 2020. In summary, eligible businesses would receive a tax credit of up to $5,000 per employee last year.

Since then, some changes have been made to the employee retention tax credits to expand them even further — providing Utah businesses with even more tax breaks. In March 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act was signed into law, increasing the eligibility of businesses and adjusting the date that the credit needed to be claimed. The biggest adjustment to the employee retention credits is that eligible businesses cannot deduct up to 70% of up to $10,000 in qualified wages paid per employee per quarter in 2021. This means that eligible businesses would receive a potential annual tax credit of $28,000 per employee this year.

For businesses struggling to make ends meet, the employee retention tax credits provide a significant bonus.

Is My Utah Business Eligible?

Not all businesses are eligible to receive the employee retention tax credit — its purpose is to focus on businesses that were hit hardest by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Eligibility for the 2020 employee retention credit is determined by if your business experiences a full or partial shutdown due to a government order limiting commerce, travel, or meetings, or if your business saw more than a 50% quarterly decline in gross receipts.

Because of the expanded parameters of the employee retention tax credit in 2021, business eligibility was also adjusted slightly. Eligibility was expanded to include businesses that underwent a full or partial shutdown or experienced more than a 20% quarterly decline in gross receipts.

Tax Consulting Services in Cedar City, Utah

Navigating business taxes is already an overwhelming process, and with the adjustments to the employee retention tax credits between 2020 and 2021, it’s even more confusing. Because of the complexity of the tax credits, we recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services for help making any decisions related to your business taxes.

From one-time tax consulting services to ongoing consulting services, our tax consultants work with many clients as their tax advisor and tax preparer — ensuring that your tax team understands your taxes backward and forwards. Our team has the experience to provide you with the most effective strategies for maximizing deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies and determine if your Utah business is eligible for the employee retention tax credits. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Farm Owner? Here’s What You Should Know About Doing Taxes for Farmers


Not many people enjoy tax season, especially when you own and operate a farm. As a farmer, you deal with many different income sources, expenses, deductions, and credits, all of which can make filing your tax return even more complicated. If you’re a farm owner and are struggling to understand how taxes work for farmers, you’re not a lot. To help make filing your taxes a bit less daunting, the team at AA Tax & Accounting Services, LLC has put together a guide to filing taxes as a farmer.

Determine If You’re Considered a Farmer

To make the most of the credits and deductions associated with farming, you need to be classified as a farmer in the eyes of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Do you own property that produces fruits and vegetables that are purchased on-site by the local community? Do you grow produce in your backyard and sell it at a roadside stand?

According to the IRS, a farmer is someone who “cultivates, operates, or manages a farm for profit, either as an owner or a tenant.” This can range from operations on a ranch and range to orchards and groves, and it can involve raising livestock and poultry or growing produce.

In most cases, you will not qualify as a farmer if you are a low-end operation growing fruits and vegetables in your backyard to sell as a side hustle. This income would be considered hobby income because your primary occupation isn’t farming-related, which means you would not have access to the same tax breaks as a qualified farmer.

Report on Your Farming Income

Come tax season, you need to be able to report all streams of income for the past year. While your primary source of income may be from sales of crops, there are a variety of types of farming income that need to be reported. A few of these include:

  • Selling livestock
  • Selling produce, grain, and other products
  • Distributions from a cooperative
  • Prizes from livestock competitions
  • Agricultural program payments
  • Crop insurance proceeds
  • Federal crop disaster payments

There are quite a few types of farming income that need to be reported on come tax season. Because of this, you must keep a record of all income throughout the year so you can easily and effectively report income on your tax return.

Understand Which Expenses Can Be Deducted

As a farmer, there are quite a few deductions you can take advantage of. These include:

  • Seeds and plants
  • Chemicals
  • Feed
  • Fertilizers and lime
  • Insurance
  • Veterinary costs for livestock

While farmers can make a lot of deductions on their tax return, there are a few expenses that can not be deducted:

  • Living expenses not related to farm income
  • Value of deceased animals
  • Inventory losses
  • Personal losses
  • Expenses from raising livestock or growing produce for personal use

Take Advantage of Tax Breaks

While there are plenty of opportunities for you to receive tax breaks from expensing qualified deductions, there are additional tax breaks and credits that farmers can take advantage of.

  • Home Office – Is your personal residence also the home of your farm? If a portion of your home is used exclusively for your farming operation, you may be able to make the most of the home office deduction.
  • Net Operating Loss – Because farming income can be extremely unpredictable and is dependent on the success of a crop, you can deduct losses when they exceed your other income from the year. When applicable, this loss can be deducted from income in the previous two years, allowing you to receive a refund. You can also opt to carry this net operating loss forward for up to 20 years.
  • Fuel Credits – When operating your farm with gasoline or fuel, you may be eligible to claim a credit on the excise taxes you paid. Certain requirements and limitations include not receiving a credit or refund for taxes on dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene.

Call for Tax Consulting Services for Farm Owners

From one-time tax consulting services to ongoing consulting services, our tax consultants work with many clients, including farm owners, as their tax advisor and tax preparer. With our team, you can have peace of mind knowing that your tax team understands your farming taxes backward and forwards. We have first-hand experience working with farm owners to provide you with the most effective strategies for maximizing deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies for your farming operation. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

What Utahns Need To Know About How Cryptocurrency Is Taxed


In recent years, you may have heard the term cryptocurrency being thrown around in everyday conversation. You may even dabble in cryptocurrencies yourself. While this new decentralized, digital store of value and medium of exchange is all the rage, it also leaves many individuals wondering what to do come tax season.

Whether you have Bitcoin of your own, or you have another form of cryptocurrencies such as Litecoin, Ripple, or Dogecoin, you must understand how it is taxed, so you don’t have the Internal Revenue Service knocking at your door for owed taxes. Cryptocurrencies that are bought, sold, or mined are all taxable, which means you need to report this income on your tax return.

To ensure you understand all tax obligations for cryptocurrency, the team at AA Tax & Accounting Services has put together a quick guide so you can confidently file your tax return by the new deadline of May 17.

When to pay taxes on cryptocurrency

When determining if you need to pay taxes on any cryptocurrency, you need to take stock of any taxable events you’ve encountered over the past year. These taxable events typically occur upon the sale or trade of crypto — meaning that you won’t owe taxes simply for buying or holding onto cryptocurrency, but only if a sale or transaction takes place.

You may be liable for cryptocurrency taxes if you made any of the following transaction during the previous tax year:

  • Traded crypto to fiat currency
  • Traded cryptocurrency to virtual currency
  • Received cryptocurrency as the result of a fork
  • Received crypto as compensation for goods or services

With any of these transactions, you need to consider capital gains and capital losses on your crypto. If any of these transactions resulted in a profit gain, that income is taxable and needs to be reported. However, if you incurred a loss from the transaction, you can write off the loss when filing this year’s tax return.

Although you may have received cryptocurrency as a gift, this crypto exchange will not incur taxes unless it is higher than the gift exemption amount. To ensure you avoid dealing with tax penalties, it’s important that you accurately calculate any gains and losses on any crypto transactions that have taken place. Without accurate record-keeping, you’re putting yourself at risk of an IRS penalty.

How much do I owe on my cryptocurrency?

Every person’s taxes are different, which is why there isn’t a solid answer we can give you regarding how much you will owe after using cryptocurrency. The primary consideration for how much you will owe depends on how long you have held onto your cryptocurrency and whether you earned a profit or experienced a loss.

Your tax rate is determined by how long you’ve had your cryptocurrency. For instance, if you have had Dogecoin for more than one year, you will be required to pay a long-term capital gains tax rate on any profits you make from a sale. But if you’ve had your Dogecoin for only a few months, your profits will be taxed at your standard income tax rate.

Any profits you earn from the sale of cryptocurrency are taxable income and must be reported to the IRS. However, not all sales result in profits. If you experience any losses related to your cryptocurrency, you have the option to reduce your taxable income by a maximum of $3,000, and those losses can be carried over to future years.

Tax consulting services in Cedar City, Utah

Determining exactly how much you owe on your crypto transactions can be overwhelming. If you aren’t sure where to start, AA Tax & Accounting Services’ tax consultants can walk you through the process with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right cryptocurrency tax strategies to save you money. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

Should I File A Tax Extension?


The deadline to file your taxes is right around the corner on May 17, extended from April 15. However, you may be questioning whether you should file a tax extension request with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), which would grant you additional time to file your tax return. If the tax extension request is approved, your filing deadline is pushed to October 15. Although the date to file your taxes is pushed out, you are still required to pay any owed taxes by the tax deadline.

But under what circumstances should you submit IRS Form 4868 asking the IRS for a tax extension? AA Tax & Accounting Services has put together a list of common reasons for requesting an extension.

Incomplete Tax Documentation

Depending on your situation, you may have a lot of documents to procure to file this year’s tax return accurately. If you’re waiting on documents to arrive or you’ve misplaced the W-2 that your employer sent, you shouldn’t file and submit your taxes without it.

Instead, you’re better off applying for a tax extension with the IRS so you can properly fill out a tax return with all the necessary tax documentation to minimize the need for corrections.

Unexpected Events

Sometimes life just happens, and things get in the way. If you intended to file your taxes with the Internal Revenue Service by April 15, but life events delay your ability to file on time, you may want to consider applying for a tax extension. Unexpected life events include the death or illness of a family member, encountering a natural disaster, or other events that hinder your ability to file. Even though an explanation isn’t required to file for a tax extension, it’s best to only apply when you fit within one of these reasons.

IRA Conversions

Filing for a tax extension isn’t always for unexpected reasons. Sometimes you may opt to file for an extension as a strategic decision so that you can increase your tax savings. If you converted a traditional IRA into a Roth IRA during the tax year, you must pay taxes on the entire balance. To avoid paying tax on the total balance of the converted IRA, you can “recharacterize” a Roth IRA back into a traditional IRA. This process can take time, which means you may benefit from a tax extension so you can lessen your tax obligations.

Late-Payment Penalties

Whether you file your taxes by the April 15 or October 15 deadline, you are required to pay back any owed taxes by the filing deadline. If your taxes aren’t paid by the deadline, you can expect to face expensive Internal Revenue Service penalties.

For each month after the missed deadline, you will owe an additional one-half percent on the amount of taxes owed. Missing the tax filing deadline also comes with penalties from the IRS, costing you an additional five percent per month, for a maximum penalty of 25 percent.

Tax Consulting Services in Cedar City, Utah

If you’re unsure whether filing for a tax extension is the right choice for you, we recommend consulting certified public accountants like AA Tax & Accounting Services for help making any decisions related to your tax return.

From one-time tax consulting services to ongoing consulting services, our tax consultants work with many clients as their tax advisor and tax preparer — ensuring that your tax team understands your taxes backward and forwards. You can have peace of mind knowing that our team has the experience to provide you with the most effective strategies for maximizing deductions and tax credits with our tax consulting services.

The AA Tax & Accounting Services team can help you execute the right tax strategies and decide if a tax extension is the best choice. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

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